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    Citrus Simplified

    How to Care for a Calamondin Tree

    Calamondin Tree

    Are you growing a calamondin tree in your yard? If so, read on to learn how to care for a calamondin tree.

    Citrus trees offer their own unique beauty: white flowers, lush leaves, and bright fruit. However, they tend to need special care.

    Is a calamondin tree gracing your home, or are you hoping to get one? Then you'll want to know how to care for it and keep it thriving. With the right care, these trees won't just beautify your space: they'll also produce useful fruit. 

    Ready to learn all about calamondin tree care? Read on to find out how to make that tree thrive!

    What is a Calamondin Tree?

    Calamondin trees are also known as miniature orange trees and are usually used for decorative purposes. Like orange trees, they have white blossoms and produce orange-colored fruits. Many people love them for their delicately-scented flowers, and tart, small fruits.

    Unlike some citrus varieties, these trees are often grown inside. Since they're small, they're easy to manage. However, if you live in the right climate, they can also be grown outdoors. These trees thrive in direct sun, or partial shade. 

    Basic Calamondin Tree Care

    Now, let's take a look at what these trees need to grow well, indoors or out.

    Planting

    First, as with all trees, the way you plant a calamondin matters. You'll start with a young plant from a nursery.

    If you want the challenge of growing it to fruition, opt for one that's a year old or less. You'll need to care for it for a while before it starts flowering. But if you want flowers and fruit right away, get a tree that's already a couple years old.

    If you plant it inside, make sure to use a big enough container. Make sure the pot is plenty big for the ball of roots and has enough drainage. If you plant it outside, you'll need a hole that's properly sized. Don't dig down too deep, as this can cause the roots to rot. 

    Feeding

    Your calamondin tree also needs nourishment.

    When you plant it, use a mixture of one part organic compost, one part potting soil, and one part vermiculite. Place it where it gets full or mostly-full sun for the best results. 

    You can fertilize the soil regularly with a water-soluble fertilizer. Use full-strength in the growing season, and half-strength in the winter. 

    Caring

    With proper placement and feeding, your tree will start to thrive.

    To care for it, make sure to water it regularly to keep the soil damp. If the plant is outdoors, you'll probably need to water it more often.

    If you harvest fruit or flowers, use scissors so you won't damage the plant. You should also prune away any branches that die or show signs of disease. Clean the dust off the leaves regularly so mites can't infest the tree. 

    What to Do with Calamondin Citrus Fruits

    Soon, your calamondin tree will be thriving. Now, all that's left to do is enjoy the harvest!

    The fruits look like tangerines but taste much more tart. You'll want to use them as you would a lime or a lemon since they're too sour to be eaten straight. 

    After you successfully keep a calamondin tree growing, you might want to try your green thumb with other citrus trees. Check out our selection of trees for sale here!

    Common Meyer Lemon Tree Diseases

    Meyer Lemon Tree Diseases

    Is your meyer lemon tree sick? Discover some of the most common meyer lemon tree diseases below.

    Citrus trees are absolutely beautiful and one of the most popular is the Meyer lemon tree.

    If you currently have or are looking to add lemon trees to your garden or landscaping, you want to make sure that you know how to properly care for and protect them. Even citrus trees aren't immune to disease.

    If you're worried that your Meyer lemon tree may be sick, you need to check out some of the most common Meyer lemon tree diseases that occur and what you can do about them.

    Citrus Scab

    Does your lemon tree have areas that look like warts or scabs? It could be infected by one of the common Meyers lemon tree diseases: citrus scab. Citrus scab attacks the leaves, twigs, and fruit of the lemon tree. 

    These citrus scab pustules can spread quickly. Trees are most vulnerable during the first three months following the fall of their blossoms. It's important to protect the trees during this time. Applying a copper fungicide regularly during this time will help protect the lemon tree.

    Anthracnose

    Anthracnose is a lemon disease that may affect your citrus tree. This disease causes the leaves to shrivel up and turn dark in color. In just a matter of days after a tree becomes infected, the disease can turn a beautiful tree into a mess. 

    You will want to destroy any infected leaves and prune away any dead limbs. 

    Armillaria Root Rot

    A common Meyer lemon disease is Armillaria root rot. Symptoms of this disease include yellowing leaves, a decline in foliage, and white growths under the bark that smell. 

    Depending upon when the tree is diagnosed with Armillaria root rot, you may not be able to save the tree. Once honey-colored mushrooms appear on the bark, it's too late to treat the disease.

    Botrytis fungus

    After lemon trees are exposed to long periods of rain, it can become susceptible to a disease called botrytis fungus. This disease is presented with gray mold and can spread very quickly. 

    Wounded plants are more likely to be affected so be sure you're taking great care of your lemon trees. You will need to remove any affected plants and thoroughly clean between trees to prevent the infection from getting to other plants and trees.

    Phytophthora Fungus

    Another Meyer lemon tree disease to look out for is Phytophthora fungus. This fungus causes gummosis which is presented as a gummy presence on the surfaces of the lemon tree.

    Phytophthora fungus lives in the soil. You will need to remove all infected fruit and leaves from both the tree and those that have fallen off the tree. You will want to follow up with a fungicide to further protect the tree from more damage. 

    Get Educated on Lemon Tree Diseases

    If you have or plan on having lemon trees, it's important to be educated on lemon tree diseases. You should know how to treat and even prevent these types of diseases so that your trees will thrive.

    Are you interested in growing your own citrus fruit trees? Check out our citrus tree care guide for great tips on everything from planning to protecting your trees.

    Keep Your Citrus Trees Healthy this Winter: Meyer Lemon Tree Care Tips

    Meyer Lemon Tree Care Tips

    Are you worried about your Meyer lemon trees? If so, be sure to use the Meyer lemon tree care tips found here to grow healthy Meyer lemon trees this winter.

    There's nothing quite like fresh citrus. And homegrown lemons can save restaurants, bars, or anyone who simply loves the fruit a decent amount of money.

    The price of lemons on the market can change on a whim and their cost has hit record highs recently.

    Plus, they're bright, beautiful, and zestfully aromatic. 

    Why doesn't everyone grow their own lemon trees? Simply put: they can be touchy, especially when the cold sets in.

    But don't give up on that crop just yet. We've got expert tips for Meyer lemon tree care.

    Here are the keys to growing the perfect lemons.

    Meyer Lemon Tree Care: Do Trees Grow in the Winter?

    It's a common question for lemon growers: do trees grow in winter? Meyer lemon trees can grow in winter. 

    But they can be severely damaged or die if the temperature drops below 30 degrees.

    That means you will want to be sure to bring trees indoors during those chilly spells. And this will take a bit of indoor lemon tree care.

    We've noted some important ways to keep trees healthy and producing perfect, pickable lemons.

    Bring on the Sunshine

    Lemon trees love sunshine. But during the winter, sunshine might be limited.

    That means you'll want to get the most out of sunlight when you move your tree indoors.

    Find a bright spot that captures multiple angles of sunlight during the day.

    It's best to try to get your tree at least 8 hours of sunshine in a day. If it's possible, shoot for 12 hours

    Mind the Moisture

    When it comes to indoor tree care, hitting the right amount of moisture can be tricky. Lemon trees do best with 30 to 60 percent humidity.

    That's fairly humid. And most homes are much drier. 

    If the home is on the dry side, consider using a humidifier or mister. 

    Another simple way to increase a room's humidity is to fill containers with water and put them near a heat source. 

    Be Watchful When Watering 

    An important Meyer lemon tree care tip is to mind watering. Too much water can cause root rot. 

    But too little water can cause unrepairable damage to roots.

    The key is to keep trees moist, but don't leave the soil soaked. We recommend testing the soil by poking a finger in it. If the soil is dry an inch down, add water.

    For young trees that are establishing roots, we suggest adding 1 to 2 gallons every day for the first month.

    Just make sure your soil is draining well to avoid soggy roots.

    Put off Pests

    Insects can be a big problem, especially when you bring in a tree from outside. 

    When you carry your tree indoors, leave the pests behind. Use a hose to blast off pests and add soap mixtures to kill off bugs. 

    Keep an eye out for pests as your tree grows inside. If pests are popping up, there're several home remedies you can use that will ward them off.

    Get the Most out of All Your Citrus Trees

    These basic tips will get your lemon trees growing strong. But we have more advice for Meyer lemon tree care, including growing Meyer lemon trees in a container, and growing other citrus trees

    Check out our blog here for tricks and ways to raise healthy citrus trees.

    Growing Citrus Trees in Pots: What You Need to Know

    Citrus Trees in Pots

    Growing citrus trees in pots or containers is a great idea, as long as you know what to do. Use the information here to help you with this tricky endeavor.

    You don't have to live in a warm, sunny state with a big backyard to grow citrus. If you love growing your own fruits and vegetables, you can start growing citrus trees in containers

    It might seem impossible- how can a tree grow as a potted plant? But with the knowledge and necessary materials, you can do it! Here's what you need to know to grow and care for citrus trees in pots.

    What Type of Tree Can You Use?

    You can't just grow any type of citrus tree in a pot. You need a citrus tree of the dwarf variety. These dwarf trees actually produce the same sized fruits as bigger trees, but they produce about half as many, so they can thrive in a pot. 

    What Environment Do They Need?

    Citrus trees thrive when they have at least 8 hours of sunlight each day. If you live in a moderate climate with a good amount of sunlight each day, put your trees where they can get plenty of sunlight but are protected from heavy winds.

    If you live somewhere with harsher winters, you'll need to take your potted trees indoors and use grow lights to keep them going.

    What Type of Pot Should You Use?

    Choose a nonporous container (such as plastic) instead of a ceramic pot. These are lightweight, making it easy for you to transfer between the indoors and outdoors.

    Plastic potters retain moisture well, which is great for the citrus tree. Make sure the planter has five or six drainage holes.

    What Soil Mix is Best?

    Choosing the right soil for your citrus tree is essential for a healthy tree. Use a lightweight planting mix that is made for containers. It's best to use an inorganic mix over an organic mix when looking for soil to use.

    Organic mixes will decompose a lot more quickly, which will reduce aeriation in the roots. Inorganic mixes that include ingredients like perlite will provide drainage and long-term aeriation.

    How Often Should You Water Citrus Trees in Pots?

    Citrus trees need to have consistent hydration, but keeping the soil wet is bad for the trees. You'll want the soil more on the dry side, but don't let it get completely dry. 

    The frequency in which you water the tree depends on a number of factors, such as soil and the weather conditions. The best way to make sure your plants are properly hydrated is to monitor the soil, and water them consistently. You can keep a journal to track how often you need to water throughout the year.

    Make sure the water drains through to the roots and out of the drainage holes each time you water the citrus trees.

    For All Your Citrus Needs

    Taking care of citrus trees in pots can be difficult, but with the proper knowledge and care, you can do it no matter where you live. 

    For more helpful information about citrus trees, check out our citrus blog today!

    Citrus Care 101: How to Prune a Citrus Tree

    Pruning a Citrus Tree

    Do you want to ensure your citrus tree produces as much healthy fruit as possible? If so, learn how to prune citrus trees below.

    As storms and climate events caused billions in damage to the citrus industry this year, growers big and small got a crash course in how to prune citrus trees. When a tree has been growing and producing healthy fruit for years, it's essential to promote its continued growth. Healthy citrus trees can produce great citrus fruit for a lifetime if pruned and cared for carefully.

    Here is everything you need to know about pruning a citrus tree.

    Handling Sprouts

    If you need to prune sprouts, this is one of the easiest tasks that you have as a citrus tree owner. Pruning sprouts is as simple as pulling them out by hand while they're still small. Removing sprouts can be a regular pruning task that should be undertaken to keep sprouts from growing too large.

    Sprout removal is important to ensure that the mature branches aren't distracted from their producing.

    Limit your pruning if it's starting to become late in the season. After May, don't remove sprouts. That's part of a larger pruning job and shouldn't be considered while you're trying to get fruit. 

    Normal Sized Branches

    If you have branches that need to be removed, a lopper or standard and pruner should do the trick. To keep your branch from growing back, it needs to be pruned to be flush with the collar, not with the trunk. This allows faster healing for your tree.

    Proper pruning technique limits the potential of new sprout growth. Growing new sprouts means that the tree is using its energy to expand its branches, not to grow more fruit.

    Most normal sized branches can be handled in a single cut. If your branch is no longer producing healthy fruit, incurs damage, or becomes diseased, handle it before it spreads to the rest of the tree.

    Handling Larger Branches

    Pruning a larger branch takes more effort than the normal or smaller branches. Get a curved tree saw to help you with this challenge.

    Make three cuts to ensure quick healing and uninterrupted growth. Make one cut 12 inches from where you're going to remove the branch. Cut from the underside of the branch and stop when the cut is halfway through.

    Then, start from the top of your branch, a few inches from where you made your first cut. This will leave a short branch. Now that your branch is more manageable and you won't be tearing from the trunk of the tree, make your final cut flush with the collar. 

    Your citrus tree should return to health quickly and continue to grow healthy and abundant citrus fruit.

    Learning How To Prune Citrus Trees is Important

    It's vital for every citrus growers, big and small, to know how to prune citrus trees. When trees are cared for, diseased branches removed, and unnecessary sprouts kept to a minimum, citrus trees will yield a big payday. As climate change ravages citrus growers around the world, well-maintained trees can withstand storms and problems that arise.

    For more helpful citrus tree and fruit information, visit the US Citrus blog, for articles on topics such as protecting your citrus trees from pesky pests.